How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is certainly one of the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots again to those prehistoric days when someone grabbed a digging instrument and started burrowing into the bottom. In the numerous millennia since, mining has grown into one of the world’s most essential and widespread commercial enterprises, with operations spread throughout the globe while tasked with recovering an nearly inexhaustible listing of useful commodities.
In truth, according to the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined merchandise had been recovered in 2018, up from 11.three billion metric tons in 2000 and practically double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian nations accounted for 58 % of the 2018 production, with North America second at 15.1 percent, followed by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.eight percent), Latin America (6.3 percent), and Africa (5.three percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) were the most prolific producers, with their complete 51.1 p.c of manufacturing greater than the remainder of the world combined.
This signifies that the mining trade is a strong one, with solid progress anticipated to continue within the coming years in many regions of the world. It also implies that mining operations will continue to depend on pumping technologies that offer strong, reliable, and protected service in a variety of important liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why positive displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps can be your finest option for many of these functions.
While mining would possibly seem like pressure gauge หน้าปัด 4 นิ้ว than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy machinery or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to entry from above—there are, actually, many complicated and typically delicate operations that must be performed correctly if the mining operation is to perform at its highest stage of effectivity.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping expertise that can function reliably in harsh and distant locations, even when submerged, or when tasked with dealing with particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive merchandise, and in addition one that is able to be maintained and repaired simply so downtime is lessened. The pumps should even be gentle enough to be manually moved from location to location inside the mine itself.
For many years, a preferred selection to be used in these situations was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are capable of create the high flow charges which would possibly be required, they have numerous operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining purposes: an inability to self-prime or run dry; special seals needed to forestall leaks; particular linings wanted to handle solids; excessive motor speeds of up to 1,800 rpm; and relatively excessive maintenance necessities and prices, especially when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another well-liked selection has been the progressive cavity pump, however, like centrifugal pumps, they’ve a number of operational shortcomings. These include an lack of ability to constantly deal with liquids with high levels of abrasives, which finally ends up in elevated upkeep costs, put on on costly stators and rotors that may eventually must be changed, and overall higher purchase, working, and repair/replacement costs.
Here are a number of the specific liquid-transfer operations that happen in a mine and the ways in which some pump applied sciences can fall short in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing excess produced water from the mine is a important 24/7/365 operation and the water that is recovered is usually filled with particulates that can be as giant as 0.12 to zero.sixteen inches in measurement. If used on this application, centrifugal pumps require special materials of development, which could be price prohibitive, to guard towards impeller wear caused by the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are additionally not dry-run capable, which adversely impacts their degree of performance on this software.
General service: For common liquid-handling applications, you want an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip strains, operate at low speeds while still delivering excessive circulate charges, and be easy to hold up and repair. Centrifugal pumps merely do not possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted elements of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This sometimes demands a necessity to use particular mechanical seals, which can lead to exorbitant maintenance, restore, and replacement prices.
Press filter: Press filters are used to clean the liquids which may be produced in the mines and, once more, centrifugal pumps can fall short in this application as a end result of the solid-laden liquid can harm the pump’s internals unless particular, dearer materials of construction or linings are used. Also, the character of press-filter operation creates a powerful discharge-pressure variation that may drive the centrifugal pump to operate away from its best efficiency level (BEP), resulting in high vibration and radial loads that may result in shortened service life. A resolution to that is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, but these are costly and might negatively affect the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product switch: This comes in all varieties in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vehicles with new and used oil for the heavy machinery, contemporary and fouled water, and any chemical substances which are required. In every instance, there’s the chance that the pump will be pressured to run dry because the truck or storage vessel is emptied, whereas discharge-pressure variation also can generate excessive vibration and radial hundreds. As beforehand illustrated, centrifugal pumps can’t run dry, so they need safety from this condition or the addition of special seals. However, all of those upgrades still can not totally shield in opposition to a catastrophic failure.
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have confirmed to not be the most effective answer in plenty of liquid-handling functions in mining, one pump technology that has confirmed to be an optimum choice is AODD—in terms of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and upkeep, and safety for mining personnel and the environment.
AODD pumps are in a place to perform effectively in mining applications because their methodology of operation permits them to simply deal with variable flow charges and pressures, while being dry-run and line-stripping capable, and nimble sufficient to switch liquids which may be shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, in addition to slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and other particulates.
The easy design of the AODD pump options few shifting elements and comparably lower speeds than other pump applied sciences, which improves reliability and simplifies upkeep, while the pump’s seal-less construction leads to fewer leaks, which is a important consideration when dealing with the numerous hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids that are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps are available in both metallic (most generally aluminum, ductile iron and forged iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, while a huge selection of elastomers can be used in the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility concerns.
A wide number of AODD pump configurations present operational flexibility that may additionally result in optimized efficiency at many levels. The ability to feature AODD pumps in a variety of functions, from fundamental common use to delicate chemical-handling processes, allows operators to extra cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can be less expensive to function, particularly these models which may be outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most simple, AODD pumps excel within the typical rugged and harsh working situations found within the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents together with corresponding downtime and repair costs.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping precept sixty-five years ago, has been dedicated to growing applied sciences that meet the wants of mining operations. Today, Wilden presents three AODD pump models which are built to excel in mining purposes, available in ductile iron, cast iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar supplies of construction:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which characteristic a bolted configuration, have been constructed for use in purposes that require the dealing with of liquids featuring massive solids. The Brahma pumps have a singular top-inlet/bottom-discharge flow orientation and flap valves that enable the passage of huge solids with no threat that harm will happen because of product entrapment or the settling of solids throughout the pump’s inner flow paths. Brahma pumps are available in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to scale back air consumption by as a lot as 60 p.c. The T810 and T1510 models are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate vary for the four Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures up to a hundred twenty five psi with solids-handling capability starting from 2 to three inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps feature a clamped design with carrying handles for light-weight portability. Their design options large inner clearances and flow-through paths for simple passage of enormous solids with no likelihood for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve meeting further allows solids passage, while a polyurethane display base at the inlet will increase the pump’s sturdiness. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) fashions are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps featuring the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most sturdy ADS design for the hardest environments. Flow rates amongst the six fashions vary from fifty seven gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures up to one hundred twenty five psi. Solids sizes that might be handled range from half to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps characteristic clamped or bolted configuration. Their design features completely different chamber supplies, together with metallic and plastics, even Kynar, which is able to handling excessive levels of abrasive supplies. The Pro-Flo SHIFT can be essentially the most efficient AODD pump in the market, able to reducing up to 60 % air consumption. This makes it the greatest choice for handling corrosive and abrasive merchandise in mining processes. The pumps have a product vary that goes from 1.5 to three inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are in a position to be outfitted with a wide array of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a varying array of supplies, such as Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm vary provides users the widest selection of diaphragms available on the market, all of which are capable of offering extended mean time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with lowered upkeep, repair, and substitute costs.
All of these capabilities make AODD pumps the ideal selection for the aforementioned widespread liquid-handling purposes in mining: dewatering, common service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and daily product transfer.
In summary, Wilden AODD pumps are the best option for mining applications as a end result of they offer considerable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead functionality, along with elevated operational security and a reduction in maintenance/repair prices that could be incurred by pumps that aren’t designed to handle abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps also outperform other AODD technologies in other vital ways: easy design with the lowest number of components for faster, less complicated, and safer repairs and the lowest number of spare components to stock; current improvements in materials of development that increase the pump’s MTBF; and improved effectivity through the use of the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which ultimately ends in faster product switch with decrease air consumption. Wilden additionally continues to innovate by way of the event of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, each of which improve service life and safety while not compromising the dealing with of challenging liquids.
Fernando Meneses is the regional manager North Latin America for Wilden, a number one manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He can be reached at Wilden is a product brand of PSG®, a Dover firm. PSG is comprised of a quantity of main pump companies, together with Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For more information, visit or

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