Gravimetric level measurement in vessels

In the pharmaceutical, building materials and food industries, on vessels and silos, on platforms and dosing systems, right up to kitchen and bathroom scales ? weight is measured everywhere. In industry, it becomes particularly interesting in terms of the particular level in vessels. There are numerous possibilities for weight measurement or weighing. The filling level can be determined optically, hydrostatically, by ultrasound, microwaves and radar, mechanically, capacitively, by heat dissipation, by displacement and resistance or, what this short article is about, gravimetrically.
The term gravimetric comprises the Latin ?gravitas? for ?gravity? and the Greek ??? ??????? for ?measure?. In gravimetric measurement, therefore, the heaviness of the mass is combined with weight force to create a meaningful value and thus the level depends upon weighing vessels (the filling level results from the density of the medium and the geometry of the vessel). This makes gravimetric level measurement part of weighing technology.
Gravimetric level measurement is particularly suitable when uneven distribution may appear within the vessels.
Gravimetric level measurement: Advantages
This kind of weighing has several advantages. Possibly the greatest advantage is that the force transducers used for gravimetric level measurement can be found outside the vessel. Thus, they don’t come into contact with the product. Neither is it necessary to open or modify the vessels. Contamination can thus be eliminated. Cleaning can be much easier. Furthermore, very precise measurement can be done ? 0.02 % of the rated load isn’t uncommon regarding relative linearity error. This makes dosing possible when, for example, food is filled into bags ? not to mention the packaging must contain the amount specified.
Another advantage is that the merchandise will not influence the measurement. The particular level could be determined gravimetrically for all contents ? solids, liquids, viscous substances, foaming substances ? even ไดอะแฟรม ซีล or aggressive contents can be viewed as. Furthermore, the measurement is not falsified even though voids or uneven contents distribution occur inside the silo or tank, as the entire contents are weighed.
Suitable mounting modules not merely make sure that the weight force is properly led into the force transducers, in addition they make installation super easy. The module and force transducer have a low height and a little installation volume. However, it is usually problematic if the vessels are already permanently installed and may only be positioned on modules with significant amounts of effort. Then it really is probably advisable to bolt strain transducers to the supports. The strain transducers determine the compression of the supports due to the weight of the contents. They thus be able to weigh immovable vessels gravimetrically.
Gravimetric level measurement: Disadvantages
The disadvantages of gravimetric level measurement vary in significance based on the application. Email address details are mainly distorted when force shunts can’t be prevented. Ideally, the vessel should be mechanically decoupled. Used, however, it could always happen that, for example, struts are essential. Then it depends on how great their supporting effect is. Similar problems may appear if the measurement is influenced by a high bearing weight. The low the weight of the vessel when compared to product, the more accurate the gravimetric measurement. Finally, free-standing outdoor vessels could be suffering from natural factors. For example, if wind pushes or snow results in a significant upsurge in weight.
Typical force transducers for the weighing of vessels
Single point load cells are classically used for scales. These not merely have a low price and high accuracy, but the weight is also determined reliably, regardless of where it is placed on the platform. For optimal force introduction, bending or shear beams with the corresponding weighing modules are often installed under tanks, silos or vessels that stand on supports. To look for the rated load of these force transducers, divide the full total weight of the vessel by the number of supports. If the rated load exceeds 10 t, you’ll be able to switch to compression force transducers, the maximum capacity which reaches up to 300 t. With four supports, vessels of up to 1,200 t could be weighed with the best accuracy. Alternatively, vessels can be suspended from S-type force transducers or fitted with strain transducers.
Note
Level can be measured in many different ways. Whether gravimetric as described, or with a submersible pressure sensor, float switch or pressure sensor ? WIKA gets the right sensor for each application. Would you like to buy the products? Inside our WIKA online-shop you will find a few of our standard designs. For those who have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
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