How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is amongst the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots again to those prehistoric days when somebody grabbed a digging instrument and began burrowing into the bottom. In the many millennia since, mining has grown into one of many world’s most necessary and widespread business enterprises, with operations spread across the globe whereas tasked with recovering an nearly inexhaustible list of priceless commodities.
In reality, based on the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined merchandise have been recovered in 2018, up from eleven.3 billion metric tons in 2000 and almost double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian international locations accounted for 58 % of the 2018 production, with North America second at 15.1 %, adopted by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.eight percent), Latin America (6.three percent), and Africa (5.3 percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) have been probably the most prolific producers, with their complete 51.1 percent of manufacturing greater than the remainder of the world mixed.
This means that the mining business is a strong one, with strong development anticipated to continue in the coming years in many regions of the world. It also means that mining operations will continue to depend on pumping technologies that offer strong, reliable, and safe service in numerous crucial liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why constructive displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps could be the only option for a lot of of these functions.
While mining would possibly seem like nothing greater than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy machinery or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to entry from above—there are, in fact, many complex and typically delicate operations that must be carried out correctly if the mining operation is to perform at its highest level of effectivity.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping technology that may operate reliably in harsh and remote places, even when submerged, or when tasked with handling particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive merchandise, and likewise one which is ready to be maintained and repaired in order that downtime is lessened. The pumps must even be mild sufficient to be manually moved from location to location within the mine itself.
For many years, a popular alternative to be used in these circumstances was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are in a place to create the high flow charges that are required, they have numerous operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining purposes: an lack of ability to self-prime or run dry; particular seals needed to stop leaks; particular linings wanted to handle solids; high motor speeds of up to 1,800 rpm; and comparatively high upkeep necessities and prices, particularly when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another popular choice has been the progressive cavity pump, however, like centrifugal pumps, they’ve numerous operational shortcomings. These embody an incapability to constantly deal with liquids with excessive ranges of abrasives, which leads to increased maintenance costs, wear on costly stators and rotors that will eventually must be replaced, and overall greater purchase, operating, and repair/replacement prices.
Here are some of the particular liquid-transfer operations that take place in a mine and the ways that some pump applied sciences can fall short in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing extra produced water from the mine is a crucial 24/7/365 operation and the water that is recovered is commonly filled with particulates that can be as massive as 0.12 to 0.16 inches in measurement. If used in this utility, centrifugal pumps require particular supplies of development, which can be cost prohibitive, to guard in opposition to impeller put on brought on by the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are additionally not dry-run capable, which adversely impacts their degree of efficiency in this application.
General service: For frequent liquid-handling purposes, you need an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip traces, function at low speeds whereas nonetheless delivering excessive flow charges, and be easy to maintain and restore. Centrifugal pumps simply do not possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted parts of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This sometimes demands a necessity to make use of particular mechanical seals, which might lead to exorbitant upkeep, restore, and replacement costs.
Press filter: Press filters are used to scrub the liquids which are produced in the mines and, again, centrifugal pumps can fall quick in this software because the solid-laden liquid can harm the pump’s internals unless special, costlier materials of development or linings are used. Also, the character of press-filter operation creates a strong discharge-pressure variation that can force the centrifugal pump to operate away from its greatest effectivity point (BEP), resulting in high vibration and radial loads that can lead to shortened service life. A resolution to that is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, but these are costly and might negatively have an result on the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product transfer: This is out there in all forms in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vehicles with new and used oil for the heavy equipment, recent and fouled water, and any chemical substances which are required. In each occasion, there is the chance that the pump shall be compelled to run dry as the truck or storage vessel is emptied, whereas discharge-pressure variation can also generate high vibration and radial hundreds. As beforehand illustrated, centrifugal pumps can’t run dry, in order that they want safety from this condition or the addition of special seals. However, all of those upgrades still cannot completely defend against a catastrophic failure.
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have proven to not be the best solution in many liquid-handling functions in mining, one pump expertise that has proven to be an optimum selection is AODD—in terms of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and upkeep, and safety for mining personnel and the environment.
AODD pumps are able to carry out effectively in mining applications as a end result of their methodology of operation allows them to easily handle variable move rates and pressures, whereas being dry-run and line-stripping capable, and nimble enough to transfer liquids which might be shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, as well as slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and different particulates.
เกจวัดแรงดันลมขนาดเล็ก of the AODD pump features few shifting components and comparably lower speeds than other pump applied sciences, which improves reliability and simplifies maintenance, whereas the pump’s seal-less construction leads to fewer leaks, which is a crucial consideration when dealing with the various hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids which might be prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps can be found in both steel (most generally aluminum, ductile iron and solid iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, whereas a broad selection of elastomers can be used in the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility issues.
A broad variety of AODD pump configurations present operational flexibility that can additionally result in optimized performance at many ranges. The capability to feature AODD pumps in a variety of applications, from fundamental common use to delicate chemical-handling processes, allows operators to extra cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can additionally be less costly to function, especially those fashions which would possibly be outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most basic, AODD pumps excel within the typical rugged and harsh working circumstances discovered within the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents along with corresponding downtime and repair costs.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping principle sixty-five years ago, has been devoted to growing applied sciences that meet the needs of mining operations. Today, Wilden presents three AODD pump models that are constructed to excel in mining applications, out there in ductile iron, forged iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar materials of construction:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which characteristic a bolted configuration, have been built for use in purposes that require the dealing with of liquids featuring large solids. The Brahma pumps have a novel top-inlet/bottom-discharge flow orientation and flap valves that permit the passage of huge solids with no danger that harm will occur as a outcome of product entrapment or the settling of solids throughout the pump’s inside circulate paths. Brahma pumps are available in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to minimize back air consumption by up to 60 %. The T810 and T1510 fashions are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate range for the 4 Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures as a lot as 125 psi with solids-handling capability starting from 2 to three inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps characteristic a clamped design with carrying handles for lightweight portability. Their design features large inner clearances and flow-through paths for straightforward passage of large solids with no likelihood for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve assembly additional permits solids passage, while a polyurethane screen base on the inlet will increase the pump’s sturdiness. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) models are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps that includes the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most robust ADS design for the toughest environments. Flow charges amongst the six fashions vary from fifty seven gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures up to 125 psi. Solids sizes that may be handled vary from 1/2 to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps characteristic clamped or bolted configuration. Their design features different chamber supplies, including steel and plastics, even Kynar, which is capable of dealing with high ranges of abrasive materials. The Pro-Flo SHIFT can be essentially the most environment friendly AODD pump in the market, capable of reducing up to 60 percent air consumption. This makes it the finest choice for dealing with corrosive and abrasive merchandise in mining processes. The pumps have a product range that goes from 1.5 to 3 inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are in a position to be outfitted with a extensive selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a various array of supplies, similar to Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm vary offers users the widest number of diaphragms in the marketplace, all of which are able to providing extended imply time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with reduced upkeep, repair, and replacement costs.
All of these capabilities make AODD pumps the perfect alternative for the aforementioned frequent liquid-handling applications in mining: dewatering, common service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and daily product switch.
In summary, Wilden AODD pumps are the best option for mining applications as a outcome of they provide appreciable operational benefits, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead functionality, along with elevated operational security and a discount in maintenance/repair prices that may be incurred by pumps that aren’t designed to deal with abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps additionally outperform other AODD applied sciences in other important methods: simple design with the lowest variety of elements for faster, less complicated, and safer repairs and the lowest variety of spare parts to inventory; current enhancements in supplies of development that enhance the pump’s MTBF; and improved effectivity through using the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which finally ends in sooner product switch with decrease air consumption. Wilden additionally continues to innovate via the event of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, each of which increase service life and security while not compromising the handling of difficult liquids.
Fernando Meneses is the regional supervisor North Latin America for Wilden, a number one manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He may be reached at Wilden is a product brand of PSG®, a Dover firm. PSG is comprised of several leading pump corporations, together with Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For extra data, visit or

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