33 keys to butterfly valve selection

Plastic physique and disc butterfly valves can be utilized for quite a lot of applications. From basic on/off valves for swimming pools to throttle control valves for chemical processing, the butterfly valve is the workhorse valve of many industries. Regardless of the severity of the appliance, proper operation and upkeep play a critical function in the life of a valve once put into service.
When it involves butterfly valve selection, think about these three components: materials, physique style and the way the valve is operated.

No single thermoplastic material is the solution for all functions. Two of the most typical supplies for plastic butterfly valves are polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), which are broadly used throughout many industries. In looking on the differences between PVC and CPVC, we see that each have a most excessive working pressure of one hundred fifty psi, however CPVC has the next working temperature than PVC. In an application like a swimming pool, either materials would work for chemical resistance and temperature, however for decent water service above 140ºF, PVC is no longer an choice. CPVC, however, has the next temperature restrict of approximately 195ºF.
Valve liner material choice can additionally be influenced by temperature. Ethylene propylene diene terpolymer (EPDM) and fluorinated elastomer (FKM) are two common liner materials. Both have higher temperature limits equal to or higher than PVC and CPVC, but butterfly valves with FKM liners can turn into inoperable beneath 23ºF due to the hardening of the rubber compound. This causes the large resilient seat of the valve to turn out to be exhausting, which makes it troublesome to seat the valve to a closed position, or unseat it to open.
Body types

Butterfly valve physique types largely rely upon the valve’s location within a piping system. Valves in the midst of a course of line, sandwiched between two mating flanges with bolts that move by way of the valve and are not threaded into the valve body, are generally known as wafer type valves.
For end-of-line purposes, lug style butterfly valves allow one mating flange to be eliminated. Threaded steel lug inserts are both overmolded into the valve body, or the valve physique is molded or machined to simply accept a lug with an internal thread for mating flange bolts from either side of the valve.
Once downstream piping is removed, an end-of-line valve must be secured using a blind flange.

Manually operated butterfly valves require either a lever or a gear operator to open and close the valve. A lever deal with can be used for smaller valves (up to 4 inches in diameter). An operator manually rotates the lever 90 degrees to pull the valve disc out of the valve seat to open the valve. Rotating the valve in the different way ninety degrees will shut it again. Typical rotation is counterclockwise to open, and clockwise to close. The solely mechanical benefit right here is the size of the lever performing on the fulcrum level turning the valve stem. The longer the deal with, the simpler it is to operate the deal with, however too long a handle becomes impractical.
A gear operator is a mechanical operator where a hand wheel is hooked up to a shaft with a worm gear on one end that engages a central gear attached to the valve stem. This provides a mechanical advantage because of the ratio of the gearing. Gear operators require multiple 360-degree rotations of the hand wheel to attain the ninety levels required for open or close.
Operation, upkeep & failure prevention

Like all valves, butterfly valves have to be operated periodically to make sure reliability. A butterfly that stays in the closed position for an prolonged time frame may get caught closed and turn into inoperable. Sediment can construct up against the disc, which could possibly be difficult to push out of the way as the disc swings open. The rubber liner can take a set around the disc, making it troublesome to pull the disc out of the liner to open the valve. In the event of a chemical attack, the liner can swell around the disc effectively proscribing its motion.
Since butterfly valves are utilized in many applications, there are totally different necessities for maintenance based on the type of media in the system, and alternative ways the valve can be affected by the fluids passing through it.
Clean fluid systems with low chemical concentrations should require little upkeep; Periodic biking of the valve ought to ensure its dependable operation.
Harsh chemicals might assault rubber liner seals, resulting in cracking or swelling of the liner. In such instances, it is strongly recommended to keep affected parts in inventory for rebuilding or alternative. Swelling of the liner may also lead to extreme stem torque to function the valve, which could lead to a more catastrophic type of failure where the valve disc might crack or break up.
Suspended particles in fluid could be abrasive and cause bother in an installed valve. In diaphragm seal where particulate travels underneath pressure by way of a valve opening, wear on the valve disc and liner become apparent. Affected areas embody the skin diameter of the disc, as properly as the rubber liner. The wear on these surfaces could have a adverse impact on sealing efficiency as the sealing elements (disc and liner) become out of tolerance with their design dimensions, which may result in leakage past a closed position valve because of the abraded materials. Additionally, the overall thickness of the disc could be decreased, compromising the critical cross-section dimension, which may lead to a cracked disc failure.
Debris in the form of giant particles or foreign objects can turn into lodged in the valve opening, causing a damaged disc or liner. Damage to the sealing floor of the disc will result in a leak path. While the move shall be decreased, constructive shutoff can’t be achieved. This sort of failure will require disassembly and alternative of the damaged components.
Scaling or buildup of foreign materials on the interior valve elements can happen in some processes. Landfills use chemical compounds to treat the leachate or groundwater that has leached via a waste pit. The remaining compound can construct up and coat a butterfly valve’s inside disc or liner. Operating the valve creates a wiping action of the valve disc against the liner because it opens and closes, which may be sufficient to disturb the international layer and reestablish regular disc-to-liner sealing efficiency.
Even the most effective butterfly valves will not last forever, however cautious consideration and number of valve materials and elegance, coupled with correct maintenance and an consciousness of potential issues, can greatly improve the lifetime of a valve in even the harshest functions.

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